Primary school enrolment in Ethiopia has increased greatly over the last 15 years, yet more than two million children remain out of school. An important reason are the limited opportunities for young children to participate in quality early childhood education programmes. With this project Re&Act is working with UNICEF to improve access to early childhood education programmes in four regions of Ethiopia: Tigray, Somali, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP).
The supported programmes, which are all recognized by the Ethiopian Ministry of Education, are the following four:
- “O”-classes: a one year pre-primary class attached to formal primary schools
- Kindergarten: A three year stand-alone early childhood education programme for children aged three to six years and primarily operated by communities, the private sector, and non-governmental organizations
- Child to Child (CtC) and Accelerated School Readiness (ASR) initiatives. These two initiatives are non-formal community-based programmes and designed by UNICEF. They provide low-cost alternatives for supporting young children’s school readiness in communities where formal pre-primary education are either nonexistent or unavailable to most families.
Parental involvement is also a strong component across all interventions and will result in increased knowledge of parents on successful ways in which they can support their children’s early stimulation and development.
The project was started in 2017 and will run until 2021 with an overall goal of providing more than 98,000 children aged 5-7 years access to one of the early childhood education programmes.
- Child to Child Initiative: 3,479 young facilitators, 1,287 coordinating teachers, 74 school cluster supervisors and 457 school directors have received training. So far, 18,337 children benefited from the CtC initiative.
- “O”-classes: 72,330 children benefited from improved “O”-class delivery
- Parental education and involvement: A total of 25,260 parents and caregivers have benefitted from parenting education, surpassing the 2021 target of 16,000 parents and caregivers.
- Outlook for Accelerated School Readiness (ASR): For all four regions, it is estimated that 8,800 children will be attending ASR in the summer 2019.
For more information on UNICEF, click here.